"Perhaps the most remarkable property of natural language is its compositionality: Once a speaker knows the meanings of a set of words and the rules for combining those words together, she can represent the meanings of new combinations of those words the very first time that she hears them." (Elizabeth S. Spelke (2003), "What Makes Us Smart?", p. 295). This course provides an graduate-level introduction to this remarkable property of natural language. Its aim is to provide you with the tools for assigning truth-conditional meaning to syntactic structures. Phenomena discussed include presuppositions, adjectival modification, relative clauses, quantificational determiners, scope ambiguities, and free and bound variables.
- Dozierende: Vera Hohaus