This course introduces students to the inter-disciplinary approach of studying human and primate anatomy with the application of virtual, quantitative techniques and multivariate statistics. As a project-based course, students first attend lectures and concurrently develop a pilot research project to conduct during the practical laboratory sessions. In the first part of the lectures, students are presented with the diverse imaging technologies used in capturing and processing anatomical data. In the second part, students become acquainted with principles of the quantitative analysis of anatomical form in uni- and multi- dimensional morphometrics. Lectures provide examples from recent original research publications, which comprise part of the required readings. The first practical session introduces students to the hardware and software available at the Paleoanthropology Imaging Laboratory of the University of Tübingen. Under the supervision of the course instructors, subsequent sessions are individually scheduled to collect data for the pilot projects. Students have three weeks in total to collect data and conduct analyses for their projects. They may take advantage of using the university’s archaeological and comparative collections, providing practical experience in analyzing original and digitized specimens. The course concludes with individual project presentations.